World Music Review:
India: Hindustani (North) and Karnatak (South) Music. Heavily based on Raga, which is a pattern of notes used for composing and improvising. Defining instruments include the Sitar (string instrument), Tabla (drums), and Bansuri (flute). Heavily based in spiritual and earthly connection.
China: Based on pentatonic (5 note) scale mainly. Many different types of instruments including; Ehru (like a violin), Sheng (wind instrument), Guzheng (harp), and Yangqin (hammered dulcimer). A lot of emphasis on solo performance. Connection to elements of the earth.
Caribbean music: Many cultures in one area. Combinations of native, European, and African influence. Cuba and Puerto Rica known for Salsa music, and more. Mostly dance music, played in ensembles. Heavy focus on community and dance/music. Haiti has heavier African influence, drum and vocal based folk music. Jamaica known for Reggae, an often-political message, and other folk types of music. Many more styles exist in the Caribbean world.
Music in North America: We discussed during Black History Month the many contributions African music gave to the Americas, and specifically examined some music from the 20th century. This includes Ragtime, Jazz, Blues, Gospel, Rhythm & Blues (R&B), Rock & Roll, Motown, Soul, Funk, and Hip hop/Rap. These forms combine European instruments and theory with African polyrhythms, vocal forms, and some tonal scales. The blend of cultures over time has given the U.S. a unique sound and set of genres.
We did not discuss Americana (folk, roots) music of Appalachia or Country/Western music. Instruments include guitar, drums, banjo, fiddle (violin), mandolin, piano, etc.
Sample questions/comments you should be able to answer:
Common instruments, purpose of the music (dance, worship, entertainment), audio examples,
Created by John Garland:
Wednesday, March 3 11:34 AM